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For many of us, the bicycle is a means of transportation, a leisure object or a sport practice.
Its principle of operation is simple: a person sits on a saddle and rests with the strength of his legs on 2 pedals driving a chain that drives the rear wheel and moves the bike forward. The energy used being muscular, the bicycle is thus considered as an ecological means of transport.
Biking can is estimated to be 2 to 4 times faster than walking, the bicycle has since its creation been one of the preferred means of transportation for all populations. As a popular object, it has always followed the evolution of lifestyles and technologies to adapt to different needs: urban travel, transportation of goods, leisure or competition on roads or paths.
Leonardo Da Vinci is said to have designed the first prototype bicycle in 1493 with a wooden frame, 2 identical wheels and a transmission system composed of a pedalboard and a chain driving a rear wheel. As this model never saw the light of day, it is not certain that this drawing is true...
Discover the key dates in the evolution of the bicycle:
1818: Draisiennes (German Origin)
1830 : 2-wheeled Velocipede (Scotish Origin)
1860 : Pedal bicycle (French Origin)
1870 : Grand bi (French Origin)
1885 : Safety bicycle (English Origin)
1960 : Racing bike (US Origin)
1970 : MTB (US Origin)
Historically, the bicycle was designed only for everyday transportation. With the evolution of society, the birth of popular races such as the Tour de France created in 1903, and the advent of paid vacations, the bicycle has gradually segmented into different practices: road bike, triathlon, mountain bike, cross country, freeride, enduro, downhill, dirt, street BMX, BMX race, fixie...
Indeed, the bicycle allows today to ride everywhere, in all weathers and adapts itself to the level of each one. For the amateurs looking for performance on the roads, the road bike is without doubt the perfect fit. For lovers of thrills in the woods and on rough trails, the mountain bike or gravel bike will be ideal.
For urban riding, the city bike, the fixed sprocket (fixie) or the BMX will be adapted to different needs and different practices.
Each bikes will feature components as such as:
A frame (in steel, aluminum, titanium or carbon)
2 wheels (20, 24, 26, 27.5, 29 inches or 700mm)
Tires or hoses
A transmission with gears or singlespeed (crankset, chain, jockey wheels, brakes...)
Peripherals: Handlebars, grips, stem, seatpost, saddle, pedals...
The road bike is designed to have an aerodynamic position thanks to the shape of the handlebars that allows the hands to be positioned at the bottom of the handlebars. They are light and strong, usually made of steel, aluminum, carbon or titanium.
The cyclist's equipment includes shorts, jersey, helmet, goggles and gloves. Shoes include cleats that snap onto the pedals for better pedaling performance.
MTBs allow you to ride on rough trails and terrain thanks to their wide studded tires. There are different MTB practices and therefore different types of MTBs adapted to each discipline. We seperate cross country (uphill and pedalling performance racing) from all mountain/enduro/dowhnill/freeride (more engaged trails) where mountain bikes are equipped with double suspension or from hardtail dirt bikes that are dedicated to jumps.
The pilot is equipped with elbow / knee / back protections in addition to the usual outfit consisting of shorts, jersey, helmet, glasses and gloves. The mountain bike shoes contain wedges with which one can walk easily.
Gravel bikes allow you to explore more varied terrain than other bikes. Between the road and the mountain bike, the gravel bike opens up new horizons.At first glance, the Gravel bike may look like a road bike, but there are some important differences to keep in mind.
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